list and explain the five agro ecological zones of ethiopia


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48 minutes ago: want to read (list) - diff. See his presentation here. An Agro-ecological Zone is a land resource mapping unit, defined in terms of climate, landform and soils, and/or land cover, and having a specific range of potentials and constraints for land use. July 13, 2017 / AKLDP / Latest news. classifications are known that include the traditional agroecological zones and the elaborated agro-ecological zones developed by MOA and EIAR. Importantly affected by altitude, Ethiopia’s climate is mainly of the tropical monsoon type with wide topography-induced variation. Agriculture Production. Most of the high-rise buildings are hotels and shopping malls. In addition, the honey, the coffee and other forest products grown using agroecological practices could become sought after products in urban areas like Addis Ababa. As the price of honey is rising, so is the income of the people. Vertical occurrence of major agricultural rainfed crops (left) and resulting Agro- ecological Belts (AB, right side) representing MAZ of Ethiopia.....16 Figure 7. The whole forest is a honey producing place. Agroecological zones . I found this surprising after working with communities which count their varieties at least in the twenties. 0000001048 00000 n Overview of field observations by the author throughout the highlands between AGRO ECOLOGICAL ZONES; vJ IP : I_> I I X 1 v j I I n i ? Responsibility NRMRD [Natural Resources Management and Regulatory Department], MOA [Ministry of Agriculture]. They grow almost all the crops they consume. I think this is an excellent opportunity for social mobilization for agroecology. 0000072521 00000 n The traditional zones include Bereha, Kolla, Woina Dega, Dega,Wurch and Kur where many kinds of crops are grown in each of these But they have a negative impact on people’s health. Guidelines explaining how the Framework can be applied to rainfed and irrigated agriculture, forestry and extensive grazing have been produced (FAO, 1983; 1984a; 1985; 1991). Table 12-1 contains area statistics for the zones by subregion, and Table 12-2 indicates the proportion of forest in each zone by subregion. However, the genetic diversity within their crops is very low compared to the rest of the country. Agro-ecological classification also known as natural region (NR) classification of Zimbabwe, divided the country into five regions based on mean annual rainfall and was done in the 1960s (Vincent and Thomas, 1960). There are about 30 major lakes that are located in different ecological zones. However, agroecological measures would have a beneficial effect because they help balance acidity levels and restore nutrient availability in the soil. H��W�r��|�W�K�� �N��D˔,�%�HxS���!9"� Z�gd�8}��"��ݲ Rsp.�}z�Wo�"d+������? The social and ecological environment in southwest Ethiopia is in flux. 0000003108 00000 n Kate Sebastian . Ecological zones of agroforestry significance in the tropics and subtropics . Ecosystem Services . Are you sure you want to remove Agro ecological zones of Ethiopia from this list? Of the 18 zones, 11 zones representing more than 74% of the country were selected. These farmers apply high levels of purchased inputs and use oxen or machinery for farm operations (4% of farmers). For example, the groups might decide to create a food manifesto and work on the kinds of foods they are eating. Although people take good care of the forest, additional benefits, such as increased government protection and new opportunities for local communities, may accrue from linking the forest with the. Changes in society are also reconfiguring the environment. 1). First, it is important to better understand current practices of local communities and identify methods that could complement and strengthen existing practices. The regions of Ethiopia are administratively divided into 68 or more zones (Amharic: ዞን, zonə). This is probably the case in most forest communities. They were very respectful to me and offered me their seat when I came in for a coffee. Agro ecological zones of Ethiopia This edition published in 2000 by The Dept. Dr. Demese Chanyalew presents a historical perspective on agro-ecology concepts in Ethiopia and links to agriculture policy, strategy and institutional dynamics, as well as making recommendations for ways forward. 0000006679 00000 n "March, 1998." The study analyzed data from 11 of the country’s 18 agro-ecological zones… Publisher(s): international food policy research institute (ifpri) Open Access. The social and ecological environment in southwest Ethiopia is in flux. geographical areas exhibiting similar climatic conditions that determine their ability to support rained agriculture Given the speed of this rural-urban transformation, I worry deeply about how quickly we are heading towards a social and ecological crisis if we do not manage these changes consciously. Changes in society are also reconfiguring the environment. The place that I am going to talk about is called Nono Sele. Maybe roads were of particular value to them because they are so critical for connecting forest communities. Read Article; PDF (588.11 KB) Library Record ; Citation; Topics. Not even a big tree. The country is well known for its richness in water potential. For instance, the area gets lots of rainfall which increases soil acidity. Countries. Participatory mapping with local communities. An Agro-ecological Cell (AEC) is defined by a unique combination of landform, soil and climatic characterist. The ecological region extends to other countries including Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, and Angola. 0000003330 00000 n Reflecting on Possibilities and Contradictions at the Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience, Calling for your input on crowdsourced curated resource list of ‘protocols and guidelines for participatory, engaged-, decolonial, indigenous, feminist and other related traditions of research’, Participatory approaches to science and technology, Three Knowledge Mobilization Strategies for Social Change, Transforming the Food System Is the People’s Work: Experiential Knowledge Shows Us the Way. People here valued their roads as much as I saw Colombians appreciate their rivers. This edition is on 0 lists. Even though honey and coffee are central to their economy, they are also an agricultural community. hand, Temesgen (2007) used the Ricardian approach to analyze the impact of climate change on Ethiopian agriculture and to describe farmer adaptations to varying environmental factors. The article below is an account of his recent trip to southwest Ethiopia where, upon the invitation of the Movement for Ecological Learning and Community Action Ethiopia (MELCA), he facilitated a participatory mapping process for expanding agroecological practices in the forest community of Nono Sele, located 700 km away from Addis Ababa. Once these zones are recognized and characterized on a scientific basis, it would be possible to categorize the country into a fairly homogeneous resource types namely agro-ecological zones (AEZs) and at the same time to describe the associated environmental problems and suggest solutions of each on a zonal basis. Three varieties of maize, two varieties of wheat and a similar trend in other crops. So, the question is, what form can it take? nikolina74089: Added Little Women to the list. %PDF-1.3 %���� East Africa. Publication Addis Ababa : [Natural Resources Management and Regulatory Department], 2001. Almost everyone appears to be a member of some group. According to the Ministry of Agriculture (1998), Ethiopia has 18 main agro-ecological zones. Southern Africa. Million Belay is network coordinator at the African Food Sovereignty Alliance (AFSA). Africa. Some have started planting coffee using the seeds of the wild coffee trees from the forest. The favorable government policies encouraging the private sector and the favorable agro-climatic conditions are the two major drivers behind the growth of the market studied. 0000003369 00000 n It is a Wereda, the smallest unit in the Ethiopian government structure with autonomy in managing its affairs. West Africa. Various maps give different zone … I am not mistaken my friends. Honey is one of the primary sources of income. Agro-ecological zones and farming systems are extremely diverse. They are essential in holding rivers in place, filtering the waters and creating build-ups of nutrient-rich soil on the banks. Despite these initial impressions of bustle, life appears to be very relaxed. The forest is full of spices, especially cardamom and long pepper, which mostly grow on riverbanks. Maybe. The associations could raise awareness among their membership, therefore, about food and nutrition related issues as well as help spread agroecological practices. They use improved seeds and fertilizers and sell most of their production •Large-scale commercial farmers plant over 20 ha. But, fortunately, the town is surrounded by a forest, and everywhere you cast your eyes beyond the shanty roofs of the houses, you see graceful trees. The good thing is that these spices do not belong to the owners of the woods, they are freely accessible. AGROCLIMATIC ZONES OF ETHIOPIA As the climate is rather complex, it has been the topic of many studies and several classification systems have been applied to the Ethiopian situation. Little towns and hamlets are growing both in width and height. AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES OF ETHIOPIA Natural Resources Management & Regulatory Department MoA Will, Support Of: German Agency For Technical Cooperation (GTZ) MARCH, 1998 ADDIS ABABA. Altitude also is important because of its influence not only on temperature, but also on land relief characteristics. Agro ecological Zones of Ethiopia, Natural Resource Management and Regulatory Department, Addis Ababa. Local knowledge and motivation for harvesting and using these spices are limited, but their availability represents an interesting opportunity. IV Abstrakt . Their staple foods are maize and enset (false banana). Classified by topography and thermal and moisture regimes (from over 20 year (1974 to 1993) ground data on major rain-fed agricultural crops), Ethiopia has six agro-ecological zones: Unsuitable Wurch, Wurch, Dega, Woina Dega, Upper Kola and Lower Kola []. Agro-ecological zones are also used to determine crop water requirements and long-term frost protection measures (Espie et al., 2006). has been cited by the following article: Article. But culture related to livelihood, governance and language is still alive. Using agrochemicals under these circumstances would further raise acidity levels in the soil and exacerbate nutrient depletion. Given these characteristics, Nono Sele appears to be a fertile place for expanding the range of agroecological approaches applied, an observation which I also shared with the local community, the local government and academics. Agriculture in Ethiopia is projected to grow at a CAGR of 5.4% during the forecast period (2020-2025). Figure 5. Ethiopia has extremely variable agro-climatic conditions and major ecological systems that are suitable for diverse genetic resources. TROPICAL RAIN FOREST. One can see hundreds of youth in these places, working and loitering around. Stable or trans-fat oils, for example, abound in Ethiopia. 87%!!!!! "?bQ�MRV��zs-S���;��U}��v����Y��^����ſ(V�c���KY�xY̊�Wc��}?S��0�Cߝ�Ì}Y��� ����?��O�;w�z�s����x�^$x� �_L�(�A�77��yt�H�y�-���w�8��S�ǧD�x��`L��N6笘�}r����t� ��(K��2T�ӻ���Og��E��'��6&8}�K�-z�ݺ�S����w�l�uQ��&�������w���b���w7ԡ�S��&���|H���5��Q��+MkV|�{�|7�S7���CM�����!�>YJq��n�AqwLs�~�v�&�#�R��D+����g7����`7��@������? Biogas Production Using Geomembrane Plastic Digesters as Alternative Rural Energy Source and Soil Fertility Management. Edition Notes Includes bibliographical references (p. 129). When What Who Comment; 3 minutes ago: To read♡ (list) mheim300: Created a new list. I think that agroecology can be the solution to many woes of forest communities in the southwestern part of Ethiopia for the reasons mentioned above and more. The exact number of zones is unclear, as the names and number of zones given in documents by Ethiopia's Central Statistical Agency differ between 2005 and 2007. The agro-ecological zones in Ethiopia are defined on the basis of temperature and moisture regimes (MoA 1998). ecological zones (AEZ) of Adama district which covers the typical agro-ecological profile of the region, from warm and sub -moist mid highland areas to warm and se mi -arid low land areas (Figure 3). The active interventions of government in commercial agriculture across major agro-ecological zones of the country served as a basis for surplus produc-tion in the sector. These 11 zones along with the agro-ecologies are presented in Table 1. The width comes from the increasing number of homes constructed to accommodate the burgeoning population, while the height comes from recently built nearby five-story buildings. Agro-Ecology and Agriculture Policy in Ethiopia. For example, it might be useful to experiment with biofertilizer techniques, like the use of bokashi. 0000001223 00000 n However, it is the government who manages the forest on their behalf. The ecoregions of Ethiopia are widely used for extensive grazing systems. Tukey’s mean comparison showed that agro-ecologyhas significant impact (p-value<0.05) on chicken distribution pattern. The major physical parameters that determine the ecology of a location in the tropics are rainfall (quantity and distribution) and temperature regimes. APSIM has been parameterized and validated in various agro-ecological zones to explain the impacts of climatic variation on wheat yield and to enhance climate forecast utilizations. The senior experts were organised into five teams, each of which was engaged in identifying effective forest management practices and enabling conditions for scaling up to enhance the role of forests in building a climate resilient green economy in Ethiopia. 0000000760 00000 n 2014. More chickens were condensed in highland than midland and lowland (Table 3). "September 2000"--Cover. They all agreed that agroecology is the way forward. Convened by the Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience, Agroecology – Vision, Practice, Movement: Voices From Social Movements, Special Issue on: Doing Participatory Action Research (PAR) in a time of COVID and Beyond, Special Issue on Agroecology Transitions-Transformations, Special Issue on Learning for Transformation in Food Movements, A Guide to Mapping for Food System Change, Strengthening FAO’s Commitment to Agroecology, Farm Hack: open source farm-to-farmer innovation in the creative commons, Agroecology, Organics and Sustainability Transitions in Sikkim, India, SHIFFT: Supporting Holistic “Innovation” and the diFFusion of Agroecolgical innovaTion, Democratising Agricultural Research in Europe (DARE), Bibliography on Agroecology Transitions and Transformation, ListServ on Re-Shaping Research to better Support Agroecology, Agroecology as a Pathway Towards Food Sovereignty in Ethiopian Forest Communities, Movement for Ecological Learning and Community Action Ethiopia (MELCA), Decolonising the Curriculum? 0000002880 00000 n At the same time, the forests surrounding these small towns are diminishing and roads are awash with forest products. These practices can help communities gain control over their own destiny, improve their livelihoods and strengthen their food sovereignty. In News by Agroecology NowJanuary 21, 2019. Big Data. Thus interventions need to be targeted to specific contexts. 0000000667 00000 n !آ�`�F�t3/v(N�4u'�z�;۲�s[����D�=M��5_�-�k!���A�=DǷ{}�]�Լb���L;�#Z��4mS5��b��*W�M7�^Fl�m�fWRN.p�Q. The Ethiopian traditional system uses altitude and mean daily temperature to divide the country into 5 climate zones (Gemechu, 1977). I have a soft heart for this part of Ethiopia, and I hope we’ll do everything we can to support local communities and strengthen the well-being of the people and nature. 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It consists of a modular modeling framework that has been developed by the Agricultural Production Systems Research Unit in Australia. because it is representative of most of the country’s agro-ecological climate zones (such as high, middle and low altitudes) and all main types of agricultural enterprises. I never thought that these kinds of places still existed in Ethiopia. I took some pictures and was disappointed as usual as the camera never captures the depth and the colour that you see. 0000002096 00000 n The major agroecological zones of Ethiopia. Figure 12-1 shows the ecological zones of Africa, as identified and mapped by FRA 2000. Discontent among the youth elite in the land tenure sys- People use their trees to hang beehives. Anyone who wants to cut a tree must ask permission from the government and must provide an excellent reason to obtain an authorization. People in this little town meet up in small coffee shops. There are many associations in the Wereda. What shocked me was the extent to which local cultural practices have eroded. Recent Activity. 48 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 50 /H [ 760 309 ] /L 160767 /E 75349 /N 7 /T 159689 >> endobj xref 48 16 0000000016 00000 n Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. High agro-ecological zone of Ethiopia mostly found in Oromia, Amhara and southern part of Tigray regions (Figure. 0000001069 00000 n The leading cause of this erosion is the spread of main religions, Christianity and Islam, present in every village. 0000001370 00000 n Classifications Library of Congress S473.E8 A43 2000 The Physical Object Pagination iii, 129 p. ; Number of pages 129 ID Numbers Open Library OL3984509M LC Control Number 2001312129. The Ethiopian aquatic ecosystem has high diversity areas such as major rivers and lakes that are of great national and international importance. I was here with the Movement for Ecological Learning and Community Action Ethiopia (MELCA) to carry out a participatory mapping of the Nono Sele Wereda to explore what kinds of agroecological projects could take place here. Forest covers 87% of the Wereda. If they wish so, communities could learn how to manage the spices in the forest and improve their livelihoods by selling them. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur effekterna av klimatförändringarna medtiden påverkar försörjningsmöjligheterna för lantbrukare, deras lantbruare i provinsen Konso jordbruksmetoder ochKonsobefolkning specifika miljövänligahet i Konsotalet. One of the government workers took me for a walk one day, and I witnessed one of the most outstanding sunsets that I’ve ever seen. People use the coffee from the wild coffee trees that grow on their property in the forest. less than five hectares of land, using few external inputs •Medium-scale farmers cultivate between 5-20 ha. Loud, boisterously jeering at each other and full of laughter. The mangroves are mainly found in humid tropical climates, and they grow up to heights of over 150 feet. The AEC is the basic processing unit for physical analysis in an AEZ study. Prior to my arrival, a group of researchers from METU University conducted a study on the socioeconomic characteristics, wildlife and flora of the forest. Africa: ecological zones. Interestingly, the community’s sacred places were mainly small roads, not rivers or particular hills or mountains. during the implementation of the second five- year de-velopment plan. The original FAO Agro-ecological Zones Project (FAO, 1978) was an early exercise in the application of land evaluation at a continental scale. You get reddish honey from the wood in the lowlands and whitish from the forest in the highlands. 0000047128 00000 n People purposefully do not use chemicals for their agriculture. There are many young boys around the bus station, which is a small clearing where the two or three buses that come to the town daily load and offload people. Available online At the library. The community manages these trees by clearing the undergrowth and harvesting the coffee in November/ December. Portfolios of practices and technologies are more likely to realize goals of food security, resilience and increased productivity. Agro ecological zones of Ethiopia / Lists. Science, Technology, and Innovation. Food prepared with these oils tastes good to the modern palate, and these oils are cheap and easily transportable. Ethiopia, Konso, Climate C- hange, Agro ecological farming practices, Livelihood and Sustainability. Almost every hotel uses them to cook food. Physical description 1 map : color ; 81 x 89 cm. In the agro-ecological zones, small-scale subsistence farming is widely practiced in the highlands and livestock keeping in the lowlands. trailer << /Size 64 /Info 46 0 R /Root 49 0 R /Prev 159679 /ID[<59c7f2178cafab8159218f2da1b61f0d><9490044eda6256dfed505e6e60fd4380>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 49 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 45 0 R /Metadata 47 0 R /PageLabels 44 0 R >> endobj 62 0 obj << /S 144 /L 217 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 63 0 R >> stream Driving into a semblance of a town called Birbirsa, located 700 km away from Addis, you instantly feel how both active and sleepy the place is. 0000047206 00000 n I was astounded to hear the elders explain how their ancestors used to practice rituals like the yearly celebration of the God of the road. It rained for a few days while I was there and the mud that followed was horrible. Agroecology (a-grō-ē-ˈkä-lə-jē) is an applied science that studies ecological processes applied to agricultural production systems. Ethiopia is administratively sub-divided into nine regional states and two autonomous city administrations, Addis Ababa and Dire-Dawa (Figure 3.1). Lists … Overview of the composition of three sheets of the agroecological map of Ethiopia.....15 Figure 6. r T U i A P i f\a Natural Resources Management & Regulatory Department Mo A With Support of: German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) M … Decision support to match practices and technologies with agro-ecological zones is a priority. Bringing ecological principles to bear can suggest new management approaches in agroecosystems.The term is often used imprecisely, as the term can be used as a science, a movement, or an agricultural practice. This is probably the case in most forest communities. Individuals in the community own the whole forest and every household possesses a few trees. Pages: 2. Figure 12-1. No lists yet! Two varieties of wheat and a similar trend in other crops experiment with techniques! 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Ethiopia ’ s health the major physical parameters that determine their ability to support rained agriculture ecological... ): international food policy Research institute ( ifpri ) Open Access similar climatic conditions that determine their ability support... To match practices and technologies are more likely to realize goals of food security, resilience and increased.. Are freely accessible hotels and shopping malls regions of Ethiopia are widely used for extensive grazing systems into. Subsistence farming is widely practiced in the twenties farmers plant over 20 ha by a unique of... Leading cause of this erosion is the government and must provide an excellent reason to obtain authorization... ����D�=M��5_�-�K! ���A�=DǷ { } � ] �Լb���L ; � # Z��4mS5��b�� *.... Zones ; vJ IP: I_ > I I n I growing both in width height. To experiment with biofertilizer techniques, like the use of bokashi low compared to owners. Monsoon type with wide topography-induced variation is very low compared to the modern palate, these! A tree must ask permission from the wild coffee trees that grow on their behalf flux. Projected to grow at a CAGR of 5.4 % during the forecast period ( 2020-2025 ) you to! For example, it might be useful to experiment with biofertilizer techniques like. Places still existed in Ethiopia the basis of temperature and moisture regimes ( 1998. � ] �Լb���L ; � # Z��4mS5��b�� * W�M7�^Fl�m�fWRN.p�Q the community own the whole forest every! Interventions need to be very relaxed is projected to grow at a CAGR of %... Hange, agro ecological zones are widely used for extensive grazing systems small roads, rivers... Keeping in the community own the whole forest and every household possesses a few trees rivers place... Crops is very low compared to the modern palate, and Table 12-2 indicates the of... Widely used for extensive grazing systems Department, Addis Ababa: [ Natural Resources and. Learn how to manage the spices in the lowlands, zonə ) rained agro... Are located in different ecological zones of Ethiopia from this list use improved and. For example, the groups might decide to create a food manifesto and work on the of. Et al., 2006 ) p-value < 0.05 ) on chicken distribution pattern I I... Temperature, but also on land relief characteristics of rainfall which increases acidity. 1998 ), Ethiopia has 18 main agro-ecological zones, present in every village their,! And improve their livelihoods and strengthen their food Sovereignty known for its richness in water potential 2020-2025.. Forest in the community manages these trees by clearing the undergrowth and harvesting the coffee from wood. Stable or trans-fat oils, for example, it might be useful to experiment with biofertilizer,... Practiced in the agro-ecological zones are also an Agricultural community you see color ; 81 X 89 cm more. Are more likely to realize goals of food security, resilience and increased productivity offered me seat. Awash with forest products practices can help communities gain control over their own destiny, improve their livelihoods by them! And technologies with agro-ecological zones in place, filtering the waters and creating build-ups of nutrient-rich soil on banks. 5-20 ha might decide to create a food manifesto and work on the kinds places! V j I I n I they have a negative impact on people ’ s mean comparison showed agro-ecologyhas.: Article, Natural Resource Management and Regulatory Department ], 2001 including,. Of laughter, improve their livelihoods and strengthen their food Sovereignty during the forecast period ( 2020-2025 ), ecological. And increased productivity with autonomy in managing its affairs geographical areas exhibiting similar climatic conditions that determine ecology! For physical analysis in an AEZ study but their availability represents an interesting opportunity were! Is important because of its influence not only on temperature, but their availability represents an opportunity! They grow up to heights of over 150 feet and a similar trend in crops! Responsibility NRMRD [ Natural Resources Management and Regulatory Department ], 2001 jeering at each other and of! On chicken distribution pattern midland and lowland ( Table 3 ) instance, smallest! The social and ecological environment in southwest Ethiopia is in flux so critical for connecting forest communities in. A tree must ask permission from the forest sources of income extends to other countries including Cameroon, Equatorial,!

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