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For three days he was blind, and did not eat or drink anything. You are observing special days and months and seasons and years! Paul was a man who had the equivalent of two Ph.D.s in theology by the time he was 21 years of age, a man who wrote with great insight on the whole scope of theology. Where was he (Paul) when Jesus was alive, I thought he could have heard about Jesus during his life time, his miracles, etc since bible recorded that his fame went round about all Israel. 2 Corinthians 10:15-16 Now to him who is able to establish you by my gospel and the proclamation of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery hidden for long ages past, but now revealed and made known through the prophetic writings by the command of the eternal God. Follow the way of love and eagerly desire spiritual gifts, especially the gift of prophecy. His baptism is portrayed as absolutely non-sacramental. In other words, Peter is telling the Jews that they were responsible for the crucifixion and death of Jesus. Later, Jesus asked for something to drink and was given wine-vinegar that soldiers and labourers often drank. I plead with Euodia and I plead with Syntyche to agree with each other in the Lord. (1) It is purely Christian in outlook; indeed, only a Christian can have written it. Dec 3, 2020 - Jesus Crucifixion . If a man’s gift is prophesying, let him use it in proportion to his faith. (2) Josephus probably — indeed, almost certainly — had already given some account of the Jesus to whom he referred in this brief notice, though his account was undoubtedly unfavorable. Was Jesus Crucified on the Cross? How could this be? We take it then for granted that four women are mentioned as being present at the crucifixion of the Lord. As Paul entered the city for the festival, he could not know who this contemporary was, but in that witness (“I preach Christ crucified!” 1 Corinthians 1:23), he would find out and recognize him again on that fateful road. Paul constantly claimed only he knew of the Crucifixion/Resurrection. Out of such humble roots do great religious concepts grow. A bright light surrounds Saul and he hears a voice claiming: … Who has bewitched you? Just how did Paul receive this revelation from Jesus Christ? In the winter of AD 36/37 following Philip’s death in AD 34, Aretas crushingly defeated Antipas over a border dispute in Gamalitis (present-day Golan), according to Josephus in “Antiquities” 18.113-115. He fell to the ground and heard a voice say to him, “Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?” “Who are you, Lord?” Saul asked. ( Log Out / Paul asks, 'Is Christ divided? And in the church God has appointed first of all apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then workers of miracles, also those having gifts of healing, those able to help others, those with gifts of administration, and those speaking in different kinds of tongues. That history is based largely on gospel accounts and the Pauline epistles, the earliest of which—First Thessalonians—was written from Corinth about AD 51. We had previously suffered and been insulted in Philippi, as you know, but with the help of our God we dared to tell you his gospel in spite of strong opposition. __________________________________________________________________________________________________. For three days he was blind, and did not eat or drink anything. This, however, is highly unlikely. For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, masquerading as apostles of Christ. In a vision he has seen a man named Ananias come and place his hands on him to restore his sight.” “Lord,” Ananias answered, “I have heard many reports about this man and all the harm he has done to your saints in Jerusalem. Jews demand miraculous signs and Greeks look for wisdom, but we preach Christ crucified: a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles. Romans 16:25-26 They ought to say something about Jesus and his influence. Rome deposed Archelaus in AD 6 and administered Judea as a province. I am confident in the Lord that you will take no other view. “In early Judaism, from about 200 B.C. Endangered by agents of Aretas, he fled Damascus in AD 37 after his three-year residence. Obviously, the stone was removed by one of Jesus’ closest followers (Luke 10:1). Each of these authors has his own axe or axes to grind; his attitude is not necessarily “objective” simply because he is not a Christian. Hence, either we believe that the former “Christian” persecutor (Galatians 1:13, 1 Corinthians 15:9, Philippians 3:6, Acts 7:58, Acts 9:1-2) is truly God’s apostle to mankind (Romans 1:1, Galatians 1:1, 1 Corinthians 1:1) or that his gospel of a crucifixion/resurrection is false. This will take place on the day when God will judge men’s secrets through Jesus Christ, as my gospel declares. Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, and last of all he appeared to me also. The answer is simple, there never were any “churches of Christ” that preached a Crucifixion/Resurrection. Paul acknowledged his ignorance of Jesus in person (2 Corinthians 5:16). Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures. Galatians 4:17 2:1-2). In John’s gospel at 19:14, Jesus is crucified during the preparation day for Passover. 1 Corinthians 14:29-31,37,39 Associates and family members were hunted and killed, as recorded by Tacitus (“Annals” 6:3-10) and Suetonius (“Lives: Tiberius” 61). By Abdullah Smith. He included three passages bearing on Christian origins in his Antiquities, published about the year 93 (significantly, none of them is to be found in parallel passages in his earlier War; presumably Christians had become more important in the interval). Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, and last of all he appeared to me also. In fact atheists have an easy time arguing that Jesus never existed. Yet the crucifixion occurred in AD 33, followed by Paul’s epiphany the next year. After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep. The expression “son of Mary” used of him may perhaps reflect a suggestion (developed in later criticisms) that he was illegitimate. The one who is throwing you into confusion will pay the penalty, whoever he may be. Tacitus describes a great fire at Rome under Nero in the summer of 64, and he mentions the Christians whom the emperor used as scapegoats. He went to the high priest and asked him for letters to the synagogues in Damascus, so that if he found any there who belonged to the Way, whether men or women, he might take them as prisoners to Jerusalem. The above explanation by Robert Grant proves that there is no external evidence to a crucifixion/resurrection of Jesus, and that contrary to the evangelists claim that Jesus’ crucifixion is “undeniable history,” the claim is simply unsupported by the historical record. Indeed, it was the Jews who put Jesus to death. According to Luke, he was accused of leading a revolutionary movement, of forbidding the payment of taxes to the Romans, and of calling himself an anointed king. (i.e. 2) C. Plinius Secundus (Pliny the Younger), Inconveniently unavailable, perhaps? And he has come here with authority from the chief priests to arrest all who call on your name.” But the Lord said to Ananias, “Go! 2 Thessalonians 1:7-9 For you can all prophesy in turn so that everyone may be instructed and encouraged? Once more, nothing is added to what we could have inferred from the New Testament. But the accusations fit the first century situation so well that we need not suppose that they were invented. His driving out demons was sometimes ascribed to Beelzebul, the prince of demons. I am confident in the Lord that you will take no other view. Details are scarce, because the only canonical sources are the four gospels. The following analysis not only proposes the possibility of such an alternative but provides overwhelming evidence that this is just what occurred. Christianity loses adherents for various reasons—restrictions on sexual activity, among others. One could expect family members and possibly the disciples to determine the tomb’s whereabouts, especially in anticipation of moving the bones later. 2 Corinthians 12:11-12 This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus. As to what these different gospels are, the early Christian record does not say. The often overlooked passage 1 Peter 3:18 may assume the same understanding since it contrasts Jesus’ death “in the body” with his resurrection “in the spirit.” The four gospels are later works, and their very different, materialistic idea of Jesus’ resurrection may be later as well.”. Paul finds the crucifixion of Jesus in Isaiah 53 and his resurrection on the third day in Jonah 1:17, Hosea 6:2, and II Kings 20:5. All he succeeded in doing was to remove any independent value from the testimony of Josephus. Tentative evidence based on chronological sequences hints that Paul became an unintended witness to Jesus. Therefore, the sovereignty of God and the fulfillment of Scripture were perfectly accomplished at the "place of the skull." But they killed him not, nor crucified him. So when we hear Paul talking about the message of Jesus Christ and him crucified, we're beginning to get for the first time in the New Testament the … 1) the Hellenistic Jewish general & historian Josephus and the Roman officials In reading this, then, you will be able to understand my insight into the mystery of Christ, which was not made known to men in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God’s holy apostles and prophets. It is time that the Church Universal know the truth that the Bible is fully accurate, and there is a conspiracy of unbelief in every generation and at every quarter to deny the Scriptures for whatever nefarious reasons of sin on the part of those in denial. I did not receive it from any man, nor was I taught it: rather, I received it by revelation from Jesus Christ.20 I assure you before God that what I am writing you is no lie. 1 Corinthians 15:12 It really should be quite clear even from this one example that the resurrection accounts contain much made up or embellished material. 1 Corinthians 1:17 For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for the sake of you Gentiles – Surely you have heard about the administration of God’s grace that was given to me for you, that is, the mystery made known to me by revelation, as I have already written briefly. (i.e. Since he had read all the later books of the Antiquities, which he regarded as an excellent historical source, this passage cannot have been contained in them — or, if it was, Origen regarded the passage as suspect and therefore refrained from mentioning it. 62 and refers to him as the brother of Jesus, the so-called Christ. Jesus was crucified just before Passover while Pontius Pilate was prefect of Judea (AD 26-36), and Josephus Caiaphas was high priest (AD 18-37). They had split into factions supposedly following rival apostles as equals of Jesus. Now to him who is able to establish you by my gospel and the proclamation of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery hidden for long ages past, but now revealed and made known through the prophetic writings by the command of the eternal God.? The entire crucifixion/resurrection of Jesus was nothing more than Paul’s prophesies. Surah 4:157 That they said (in boast), "We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah";- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a … But I do not think I am in the least inferior to those super-apostles. Again, the Bible does not record how Paul died, so there is no way to be certain regarding the circumstances of his death. (i.e. The one who is throwing you into confusion will pay the penalty, whoever he may be. I have made a fool of myself, but you drove me to it. If we wish to recover early non-Christian attitudes towards Jesus we can rely only on what Christian sources are willing to tell us about them. From the Epistles of Paul we understand that he knew Jesus through visions and no physical encounter when Jesus was alive. But there is a difference. Chapters 40-55 are regarded as from the hand of a writer who lived a couple of centuries after the original prophet known as Isaiah, and so he is referred to as “Second Isaiah.”. On my return I will not spare those who sinned earlier or any of the others, since you are demanding proof that Christ is speaking through me. 2 Corinthians 10:9-10 . Again, we learn something about Christianity. If we turn to what he does say about Jesus, it is not what we should expect. Paul gives no historical context to the crucifixion. Whether it was in the body or out of the body I do not know God knows. These include not only the duration of Jesus’ ministry, but astronomical factors also—see “The Jewish Calendar, a Lunar Eclipse and the Date of Christ’s Crucifixion” by Colin Humphreys and Graeme Waddington in Tyndale Bulletin (1992). Paul then tells his audience that he “did not receive it from any man nor was taught it,” rather he got it from Jesus (Gal 1:11-12). They ought to say something about Jesus and his influence. Paul never got used to the grace that God freely lavished on him. The life I now live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me” ( Galatians 2:20 ). It was he who gave some to be apostles, some to be prophets, some to be evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers, to prepare God’s people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up. He was then crucified and hung between two convicted thieves. However, anyone who reads Paul’s ten letters contained in the New Testament can see that he was the sole inventor of his gospel. In Acts 21:26, why did Paul continue practicing a sacrificial ceremony after Jesus was crucified? G. W. Thielman has bachelor’s and master’s degrees in engineering. This is the rule I lay down in all the churches. And in the church God has appointed first of all apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then workers of miracles, also those having gifts of healing, those able to help others, those with gifts of administration, and those speaking in different kinds of tongues. I did not receive it from any man, nor was I taught it: rather, I received it by revelation from Jesus Christ .I assure you before God that what I am writing you is no lie. Therefore, my brothers, be eager to prophesy, and do not forbid speaking in tongues. Jesus crucified with us.jpg 1 Cor 2:1-5; Luke 4:16-30 Before St. Paul came to the city of Corinth, he had just experienced one of the most humiliating moments of his ministry. In their Archaeological Views column “Golgotha: Is the Holy Sepulchre Church Authentic?” in the May/June 2016 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review, Marcel Serr and Dieter Vieweger discuss past and current investigations into the site where Jesus was crucified. From this passage two inferences can be drawn. Evidently some people are throwing you into confusion and are trying to pervert the gospel of Christ. up, where angels bow before a Lamb as it had been slain! This theological fiction was a product of Christianity, anxious to read into the word of God in the Old Testament a prefiguration of the idea contained in Christian soteriology, that Jesus was suffering to atone for the sins of the world. Follow the way of love and eagerly desire spiritual gifts, especially the gift of prophecy. The short answer is, we don’t know. After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. Could it be that there was no crucifixion/resurrection of Jesus? His was a spiritual, not a natural body (v. 44) and did not have flesh, since such is entirely unsuited to immortality (v. 50). On my return I will not spare those who sinned earlier or any of the others, since you are demanding proof that Christ is speaking through me. A terminus ante quem can be established from Paul’s account the time he spent in Damascus shortly after his conversion. He will punish those who do not know God and do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. Endangered by agents of Aretas, he fled Damascus in AD 37 after his three-year residence. Momentarily suppressed at Christ’s crucifixion, it “rose again” in Judaea and spread to Rome (compare the account in Acts). Evidently some people are throwing you into confusion and are trying to pervert the gospel of Christ. All four gospels state that Jesus was crucified on Friday, before the Sabbath evening. Colossians 4:3-4 Christians always seem to have the upper hand, no matter what the alternative explanation for Isaiah 53. Paul did not see Jesus being crucified. It was also, by the way, a story which in its overall form was a retelling of a traditional allegory found throughout centuries of Jewish literature, called by modern scholars The Suffering and Vindication of the Innocent Righteous One. For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, and that he appeared to Peter and then to the Twelve. Answer: The subject of Jesus Christ and His saving work were at the forefront of the apostle Paul’s ministry. (One could surmise that her father’s anger at the rude treatment Phasaelis received may have inflamed hostility to Jews and contributed to Paul’s unpleasant reception some years later.) So they led him by the hand into Damascus. As far as critical scholars are concerned, the passage refers to a figure who lived at the time of the Babylonian Exile in the 6th century BCE. With the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls containing all of Isaiah 53 and dating centuries before Jesus, Christians feel as though they have unquestionable proof for their religion. As he neared Damascus on his journey, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him. Because on that road Paul encountered someone he had noticed before. 10, 96) provides no direct data about Jesus himself. Is the crucifixion and resurrection undeniable history as modern day evangelists claim or was this an idea that only Paul seemed to have knowledge of? All over the world this gospel is bearing fruit and growing, just as it has been doing among you since the day you heard it and understood God’s grace in all its truth. Christ. We believe that Jesus died and rose again and so we believe that God will bring with Jesus those who have fallen asleep in him. It is true that in part Christian writers report these accusations in order to contrast them with the true understanding which they themselves possess. This suggests that most likely Paul was the source of the idea of a crucifixion. Where is Golgotha located in Jerusalem? And those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no certain knowledge, but only conjecture to follow. In some religious traditions, this reference refers to the location of the skull of Adam. Paul responds that before your very eyes Jesus was “portrayed” as crucified. God had a plan to save sinners, and Jesus was the Lamb of God who came to take away the sin of the world (John 1:29). Such an expectation is clearly fulfilled only by four writers of the late first century and the early second; by the time of the anti-Christian writer Celsus (c. 178), nothing authentic about Jesus is preserved in non-Christian sources. Colossians 2:8 After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep. Finally, Suetonius mentions the fire at Rome in connection with Christians (Nero, 16) and also says that in the reign of Claudius the emperor expelled from Rome the Jews who were constantly rioting at the instigation of Chrestus (impulsore Chresto) (Claudius, 25). Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good. But, from all indications, he died for his faith. I ought to have been commended by you, for I am not in the least inferior to the “super-apostles,” even though I am nothing. By this gospel you are saved, if you hold firmly to the word I preached to you. According to Galatians 1:17, Paul departed Damascus shortly after accepting Christian membership and journeyed briefly into “Arabia,” presumably going south towards Nabatea to preach the new salvation. 2 Corinthians 12:1-5 Were included in the Lord ’ s grace given us punishment was meted out spit on the name the... 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