upland rice varieties in nigeria


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… `���`> � ��� @G¼$�B �� �$ ! Department of Crop Production and Landscape Management, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources Management, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria. �" The upsurge of rice mills across … �� !B����d!�!P Upland rice is mostly at risk from soil insect pests, including termites which cause significant yield losses. Some popular varieties of rice grown in Nigeria are Upland rice, Lowland rice, and Fadama rice. `�`��� ��@$����� X@��!�'��|�`����� `� h ��@��Ap �A����4 � �V�!� ŀ���v The percent plant attacked by termites on the 18 NERICA varieties at 60 and 90 Days after Sowing (DAS) was between 2.47 to … High seeding rates can often lead to non-productive tillers, more severe disease pressure as well as unhealthy plants that may be more susceptible to lodging. 1 Vange, T. and 2 Obi, I.U. Upland varieties are lower in tiller production than the lowland types, hence the need for different spacings for the two different species [3]. �zA� They will be glad to help. Because these subsistence rice farmers lack collateral, they are generally unable to access credit resources to engage in significant economic activities. H%0L�"8�B�$��X��l�E�3�C� �%!� Box 8243, Jos This document has been prepared by EDO, an independent, non-profit environmental and natural … loamy soil). @$�%�8� A,C0�A�m��:�y ��В)��@ ��n�2P: �`�1�>� � `�U���-��A� ����c { Z/F ��|Ep���a�A��D'��9��.��� AHob�r �5���w Two upland rice varieties (NERICA 2 and NERICA 4) were planted on a 5 m×5 m plot in a randomized complete block design with four treatments and two replicates based on different water application. Choose the right variety of rice ; … The contribution of NCRI to this increase includes the following: Nigeria’s annual rice demand is estimated at 5 million tons, however, we still have national demand gap of 1.6 millions tons which we hope to meet in the next four years through improved seeds that are well adaptable to the different ecologies coupled with better management practices and dissemination. �y�-�����c� *E� ��5�AR���B�f ! Rice is an important component of food consumption pattern in Nigeria. 3. ���R��� �� �t��� `�@n�� � Rice and maize intercrop is a common feature of traditional upland rice cultivation in Nigeria. ��h8���T! K�A�����A���� That is to say different varieties thrive in different geographical and ecological zones in Nigeria. The resistance status of 7 NERICA rice and 2 other rice … These varieties are similar to their original varieties but in addition, can tolerate submergence for a period of up to two … ���FA��>A��L�4@� �*�v@�!XA*@� �A$�� �Z�Jc.z{��`�"�b�l���$��i�Q���{�S����$�����=��@�F��:8� �$��@�v������**��B���lH>H�T�Xj. If you need recommendations on the varieties of rice to plant, then you should visit any International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) nearest to you. NERICA (New Rice for Africa), a new promising African upland rice species, is getting into the limelight in West Africa. Upland rice is the safest and most guaranteed investment platform in paddy rice production as it is less prone to flooding since it's planted on dry land, the species are long, durable and sweeter than lowland rice, the demand for upland rice is higher as it's use to complement lowland rice and the cost of production per hectare is lower compared to lowland. �0 1�>�8S�%�a|&�ؙ�( ARICA varieties can be considered as the next generation of rice varieties for Africa after the ‘New Rice for Africa’ (NERICA) varieties that were developed in the 1990s and the first decade of this century. �b 3���>��-�`=���Zu c�9!=�H�b|Y���`�} The process involved in rice cultivation depends on the geographical and ecological factors available. The ARICA varieties offer promising opportunities to Africa’s rice sector and can make a difference to the lives of Africa’s rice farmers, because these new varieties are well adapted to the growing … In Nigeria, rice is grown mainly in Abakaliki, Bende, Bida, Eha – Amufu, Idah, Ayamelum, Ibaji and Takum. The treatments were laid out in a split plot design with the combination of sowing methods and seed rates in the main plots and three rice varieties in the sub plots measuring 3 m x 3 m with a net plot of 2 m x 2 m and were replicated three times. Sub1 rice varieties are climate-smart rice varieties that can withstand submergence/flood conditions. d��i�g�*��Le0�^�x�cao��:fDpTYE9�0���He���#�G��rF��-�Hx.�CY�=!i�+%��I�e�2$��J��y�5����B�� =`�8b�BW�D����N�!&7�Y�C�Ȍk )�]����yZ8G`�Rg�V~$�Y����(� ��V�}� ��;�牄|�!&%��h�k�a�G�` T~��4Xf�.\����\���b[����f���ʤ�#�E�bp��!�:�� �m��`�82��Xz> �P`\�CqƐ�t��� qV-7��u Fp� ���K�a�d �iPy Rice is cultivated on about 3.7 million hectares of land in Nigeria, representing approximately 10.6 percent of the 35 million hectares of land under cultivation, out of a total arable land area of 70 million hectares in Nigeria Out of the 3,7 million hectares under rice cultivation, 77 percent of the farmed area is rain-fed rice, of which 47 percent is lowland and 30 percent upland. The potted experiment was carried out in the screen house of the Department of Crop Science and Horticulture, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ikole campus in 2015 to screen and evaluate the performance of upland rice varieties in inundated soils with a view to selecting the suitable variety or varieties that will fit into the existing niche in the inland valley. Typical examples are the high yielding rice varieties: FARO 44 (SIPI),FARO51(CISADANE),FARO52(WITA4),FARO57(TOX40043-1- 2-1), and the lowland varieties of the New Rice for Africa (NERICA) that are currentlybeingevaluatedinseveralpartsofNigeriapriortofullrelease.The … A tropical crop, rice likes warm-weather and a long growing season. ’s annual rice demand is estimated at 5 million tons, however, we still have national demand gap of 1.6 millions tons which we hope to meet in the next four years through improved seeds that are well adaptable to the different ecologies coupled with better management practices and dissemination. Training and retraining of subject matter specialists (SMS) and farmers in the areas of production and processing. The effects of genotype, environment and their interaction were significant for all the panicle and grain characters. �fA� @��f z��b@!������0 A*�\�4 Upland rice is adapted to drier conditions and grows in drier soil. RICE FARMING IN NIGERIA: CHALLENGES, OPPORTUNITIES AND PROSPECTS BY SANUSI MOHAMMED DEPUTY CHAIRMAN RICE FAMES ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (RIFAN) KANO STATE CHAPTER A PAPER PRESENTATION AT THE 2ND NIGERIA RICE INVESTMENT FORUM (NIRIF) 2014 THEME: TRANSFORMING RICE PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA AND WEST AFRICA FOR SELF SUSTAINABILITY AND … The Institute has specifically developed: Breeding and selection of varieties that are high yielding, pest and diseases tolerant. ��� :�Av!��& ����! This study evaluated 77 upland rice genotypes under optimal upland growing conditions in the field and ranked the genotypes using base indices. 1. Similarly, the … There are numerous varieties of rice that can be cultivated in Nigeria. Stable, low level management of rice varieties for different ecologies. Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Institute … Fabricated machines for planting, threshing, winnowing, drying and milling of rice like in Burma Rice Farm, through Agip Oil Company for Bayelsa State Government. v�`H�( @P a�� `�A��� < ` ���R���.x�,�H ��C (�@y�!�Cp,��N� �0��T��"�@V1��_�T;��+D�C�i\�[��� �(qP(À��k�z Rice probably originated in South-East Asia, but today it is widely grown in other parts of Asia; America and Africa. predominant rice varieties in the study area were upland rice (ITA 128 and ITA 150). Thirteen (13) improved rice varieties, comprising two upland, eight shallow swamps and three deep flooded rice were released to Nigerian farmers at the interval of 1954 – 1970. These varieties have been recently preferred to the imported or foreign varieties. ��l ����^! Abstract: Upland rice is mostly at risk from soil insect pests, including termites which cause significant yield losses. @���$��D��`j ����\ #l�� n � �6�@�����P�"@� AMMI Anova for grain yield revealed no significant different among genotypes (P<0.01), but there is significant difference on environments … This study on the response of upland rice varieties to poultry manure and spent mushroom substrate in humid agro-ecology of south–south, Nigeria was carried out in 2015 cropping season at the Teaching and Research farm of University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. It is important that you manually chose your rice to prevent choosing an unhealthy type. �JAt �j�B Growth Responses of Direct Seeded Upland Rice (Oryza species) Varieties to Seed Rates at Different Sampling Stages Nwokwu, G.N 1* Babaji, B.A 2 Dadari, S.A 2 Falaki, A.M 2 1. ���"���X�� It was aimed at determining the best organic material that will enhance the yield and growth properties of upland rice varieties in the area studied. PROCESSES INVOLVED IN RICE PRODUCTION. f��.�j�`HAV!������~! �x@� d@�[ &@���������a� `ApA���h�� ��`�8A(�Z����* �`:@*A����D | Recommended rice varieties The recommended rice varieties for Northern Nigeria are presented in Table 1. Also included in this list are varieties of African rice (Oryza glaberrima) and wild rice (genus Zizania).. Rice may vary in genetics, grain length, color, thickness, … Nigeria possesses a huge but largely untapped capability for developing irrigated rice. Growers may likely consider reducing or increasing seeding rates to increase yield. 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 2 0 R /Metadata 1142 0 R /ViewerPreferences << /Direction /L2R >> /StructTreeRoot 11 0 R /MarkInfo << /Marked true >> >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [ 5 0 R 170 0 R 280 0 R 383 0 R 538 0 R 619 0 R 692 0 R ] /Count 7 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /ModDate (D:20030818152010+01'00') /CreationDate (D:20030818145808Z) /Producer (Adobe PDF Library 5.0) /Creator (Adobe InDesign 2.0) /Trapped /False /Title (rice_01b.indd) >> endobj 5 0 obj << /Type /Page /MediaBox [ 0 0 419.52756 595.27559 ] /Parent 2 0 R /BleedBox [ 0 0 419.52756 595.27559 ] /TrimBox [ 0 0 419.52756 595.27559 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 419.52756 595.27559 ] /ArtBox [ 0 0 419.52756 595.27559 ] /Contents 1078 0 R /Resources << /XObject << /Fm0 1062 0 R /Fm1 32 0 R /Fm2 65 0 R /Im0 149 0 R /Fm3 75 0 R /Fm4 81 0 R /Im1 156 0 R >> /Font << /C0_0 143 0 R /C0_1 150 0 R /C0_2 157 0 R /C0_3 162 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS0 7 0 R /GS1 19 0 R /GS2 1064 0 R /GS3 1065 0 R /GS4 1066 0 R >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC ] >> /Group 169 0 R /StructParents 1 >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Type /ExtGState /OPM 1 /SA true /op false /OP false /CA 0.35001 /ca 0.35001 /BM /Normal /AIS false /SMask /None >> endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Group /S /Transparency /CS /DeviceRGB /I false /K false >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /ExtGState /OPM 1 /SA true /op false /OP false /CA 1 /ca 1 /BM /Normal /AIS false /SMask /None >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /StructTreeRoot /K 866 0 R /ClassMap 872 0 R /ParentTree 1060 0 R /ParentTreeNextKey 8 /RoleMap 1101 0 R >> endobj 12 0 obj << /S /Figure /A << /O /Layout /BBox [ 42.52992 552.49101 157.35875 86.19557 ] /Placement /Block >> /P 867 0 R /K << /Type /MCR /Stm 1062 0 R /Pg 5 0 R /MCID 0 >> >> endobj 14 0 obj 65868 endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Name /X /Width 240 /Height 972 /BitsPerComponent 8 /ColorSpace /DeviceGray /Filter [ /LZWDecode /DCTDecode ] /Length 14 0 R >> stream Growing Upland Rice in Nigeria Choice of Land (i) Select site in ecological zones where rice is grown traditionally. ��!��V�t>��:�h,!��D"@�6 ��� F�� pu��.�p��E`� 9`�o�����X ��O�� @� <0��8� �,� �Ƙa$9�Z1H�c�(�q�-H>`c��ZF�s��^��(GXa�J��>����@i� b9! ��J * @�� 8 The physico-chemical properties of early and medium maturing rice varieties were investigated. ����\���A�!��F � ��"�� ����� @� �� T � I@����. 2. The percent plant attacked by termites on the 18 NERICA varieties at 60 and 90 Days after Sowing (DAS) was between 2.47 to … `@ �A���!��t �:`����� *A\��D@���`Z���tA���$��Za8A� ���& Rice is the third most important … is a semi-aquatic plant, although there are few upland varieties. It has emerged as one of the fastest growing … @At � �A ���^ 8:�Ѷ6FHw�P>�~È���'���P��t`��*��m�(m��v@`��w���2�h�B;�����s �x � X���0� �R;@�#� �a,���,"�,1\0� ��$�Ř~�\��&�P� �QL� v Research by IITA (Promoting Sustainable Agriculture Project - ����@�g0��^ �_�`]������u��>���°���@�#�d�x����% There are two types of rice – upland and lowland. ��AP Ad��!�x���A0!��|� &R@r� ��"������ z�����H�&A.AP�(@d at`�a�A��VA"AFAn`�������� F��! ]�G� �@ � x @"(� ҈��U��t ��@`F � bX��;�s ��a These varieties produced by GoSeed mature earlier and produce significantly higher yields than the varieties, which farmers in Northern Nigeria have been growing. �P b`��� @�bA���� j@� a� �! Genotype × environmental interaction and stability estimate were investigated on grain yield of 30 upland rice varieties at Sabon Daga, Amakama, Yandev and Uyo in 2003. ��,`$`� " The analysis shows that significant relationship exists, though negative, between the women farmers' ages, income generating activities and levels of appropriateness of improved rice technology to them. � �����xU�� 4 aJ!�AJ�8� ��d�" A� ���@��J���Jg����|0�@va,�b@�����R�Fa�$�� ���� Recent Developments. ǀ�D���f?� Sixty three (63) rice varieties that are low N and water use efficient, pest and diseases tolerant/resistant varieties for commercial production through breeding/introduction for the various rice ecologies (lowland, upland, deep water, mangrove swamps etc) in Nigeria have been released, with the recently released FARO 58, 59 (upland), FARO 60, 61 (lowland) and OFADA �8@�`�� The experiment was laid in a complete … Extension services to resource poor farmers. ��`��J���A�����@`A���`�! u���X. ���������b�^A� �`J�� � ��!�_� �!XAA�� #A:�^ �@v � � ����e��:S� rainfed upland. • Upland rice • Lowland rice. Sixty three (63) rice varieties that are low N and water use efficient, pest and diseases tolerant/resistant varieties for commercial production through breeding/introduction for the various rice ecologies (lowland, upland, deep water, mangrove swamps etc) in Nigeria have been released, with the recently released FARO 58, 59 (upland), FARO 60, 61 (lowland) and OFADA. �?��p A2�FP� � �� F@�`H � ��h ���p8-�A��h6b Department of Plant Breeding and Seed S cience, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. Share of upland rice areas in Nigeria Production systems Major states covered Estimated share of national rice area (%) Average yield (tonne/ha) Share of rice production (%) Rainfed upland Benue, Delta, Edo, Ekiti, Kaduna, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo and Sokoto States 30 1.7 20 Major upland production constraints The experiments were laid out in a randomised complete block design with three replications. NIGERIA CASE STUDY REPORT ON RICE PRODUCTION PREPARED BY ECO-SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION (EDO), JOS, NIGERIA FOR OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE (ODI) Selbut R. Longtau Eco-systems Development Organisation WIS Partners Building, 5 Lugard Road P.O. �b�ncPPP The goal of most rice improvement programs is the enhancement of farmers’ yield using less land and limited water. ���V!H� #~��ƒ���;�֍u�� @���� �=E��'N1p�0f �qR��1�!�P�iXF8�cь*@ADHB��6��H�B !i� "� �d Px-P���(���9BP�� �X bA�������@� `B� ��b��@� ��l ���A��\@� �~@6�` x! Af���^a A study was conducted with fifteen upland rice varieties in two locations in South-Western Nigeria to evaluate the contribution of panicle and grain characters to stable grain production. A09 P�a���@p�`��� ǀ`�\���Bx���i�Q�����DO�����g�AгP~�p��}„>�@����" r ��2����XI��'�5HE B�_���RC��V��b�v�0 ,ŰwC|=�$3�8ala@���(`�E�* �;��E�i�~�*0G � �H�� 6 6���!�!��~�^���A�@ b 0 N/@�� `��,�> : � Upland rice is mostly at risk from soil insect pests, including termites which cause significant yield losses. Broad sense heritability … "a�!^��� � �Z Currently, two sub1 varieties for West Africa and three varieties for Madagascar have been upgraded with sub1 gene through Marker-assisted-breeding. Studies were conducted at Kasua-Mangani, Kaduna State, Northcentral Nigeria, to evaluate the resistance status of 18 upland NERICA rice varieties to termite attack. @�}��|!Z��� J�\!-#��` ��`Z�F `�A @� la� �r�4�v`������`�A:���d�����0�!T� J���a,�� ���x@N��(������ � ��Ĺ�K�"�r~��Q�P!�n���IǠN5��� EiF)��yH� �!��[���~_���U�W��`�N��!lx�% 0/�p��!1~Deh$�P+�"�XUaY����7����P����1�"�hfA�X��$�#�F%��21 B1�5���0�#`H��~f��x������8��H� !��RD� �D��La8A`���M� ��0a� jb!� 6 A��P�0`��!TAF � !��� ���ZA fA� (�@��N �a��J`�� �Av�v�>�⡀V`pA� �@p��`����:���& �"��������@ �Va@����>0�A��@� For upland rice systems, NERICA varieties will be promoted in the north-central and southwest regions of the country. �����$A���Za�� AZA�� ,��`6!� ��j��@�,�t@����� ��n�� �t Local varieties of rice cultivated in Nigeria include ofada rice in the Southwest and Abakaliki rice in the Southeast. Stemborer larvae cause significant yield loss in rice. ���@��D�� �`�� !n ��`X�D��!6�f���>��@.f��D Z�|`� �a�`B@�>A,A��"��a^`l��!�A�at � ����x �4 EH!� � @n ` About 80% of the targeted project beneficiaries were women and poor people. @F A��!��� ) and three upland rice varieties (NERICA 4, 8 and JAMILA). A two-year dry season experiment was conducted on the research farm of International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria. Upland Rice Varieties at Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria . �m���� r!~ �0��%����4�J �8��aX !��@�`� xA���4aB ���0�8��� ���@���A� L�H������`�H Z�p�� ����|! Asian rice (Oryza sativa) is most widely known and most widely grown, with two major subspecies (indica and japonica) and over 40,000 varieties. �d��`��!6 �!��@ � � �aT��a���O��@@ a�����AH�xLA� @��| ~ @h�8 A: A�@��h'��.��T���� Appropriate technologies for the production of rice for the various ecologies have been developed. `V �`�� l���zo�!�!��X�)������ *Ar�� � ��$ � ��@�6�����v� �� �� �� @�!8@�a\���!� D���`� v�\���";!4 $0��(�#�L���� @��Z�x-�`h����N�TlZ5��XUP����B��A�$� @X0V7��i���>p �Q��T%0�B8��9�P��LJ�@�1�Ȣ �|'���(}�Vaj �7 �|k��D��AHU��"�H1"�$�"��p`J�� Ø�X&�@�=��X��>�`��[�����0�@p��#�o�Ā� �04��A8� |) AxB� b�p@3�8�B ~��z��Cx:����� Table1 shows the approved rice varieties in Nigeria between 1955 and 1970. The project benefited an estimated 241,000 farm families in the project area, 33,000 of whom were … (iii) If you have to grow rice for one or more consecutive year on the same piece of land, seek the advice of Soil Survey and Testing Service of the Institute of Agricultural Research and … It is estimated that about 3.14 million hectares of irrigable land exist within the borders of the country, out … For the purpose of this publication, I would … Atlin GN, Lafitte HR, Tao D, Laza … �vi�HZ�R�4 �� (ii) Choose fertile land with good water retention capacity (contain some clay and/or organic matter i.e. The National Production of rice has increased from 1.45 million tons in 1995 to 3.6 million tons in 2010. Atlin GN, Laza M, Amante M and Lafitte HR, Agronomic performances of tropical aerobic, irrigated, and traditional upland rice varieties in three hydrological environments at IRRI, in New Directions for a Diverse Planet: Proceedings of the 4th International Crop Science Congress, ed. The varieties were (New Rice for Africa (NERICA) - NERICA-U-1, NERICA-U- 2, NERICA-U-4, NERICA-U-7, NERICA-U-8 and WAB 56-104. i%��sa H�t��f6��FI� ���(E#)�f�TPy8�lF���e:�R�U���z���d��l�k9��r9\�wC���v;]����!0�\2���r$�#H�D�%Ird�'I�BP�5DQ4UFQ�uG�� att ��FK� Studies were conducted at Kasua-Mangani, Kaduna State, Northcentral Nigeria, to evaluate the resistance status of 18 upland NERICA rice varieties to termite attack. �� �x! `�a�`��,�n� ��d ��f!�@���z `j`��&���� Lowland rice is the type that grows in patties or flooded areas. by Fisher T, Turner N, Angus J, McIntyre L, Robertson M, Borrell A, et al., Brisbane, Australia (2004). �� ��@F@�J�Za�a��n�t�X�� � L�� R�����A��� ��6@.�&A� �HH��� ax`:o!���a��T@��N�e�l��!� L�� (a @��|�� �J��H`� /�����!���!���� ���t� 1A��@����6p��,@� �A� N! �hZ�P&0@�Q�| 0�: �N��j ����!x �($`�T�JN*����dM ��Ja�Fa��& ��A��4`� Studies were conducted at Kasua-Mangani, Kaduna State, Northcentral Nigeria, to evaluate the resistance status of 18 upland NERICA rice varieties to termite attack. %PDF-1.4 %���� :!���JD This is a list of rice cultivars, also known as rice varieties.There are several species of grain called rice. �� ���� n ���� �^�l���� The yield levels for their traditional upland rice varieties are generally low. A total of six upland rice varieties including five upland NERICAs (O. glaberrima x O. sativa) and one WAB (O. sativa) as control variety were collected from AfricaRice Centre, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. The study aimed at identifying stemborer resistant status of upland NERICA rice varieties and evaluating the effectiveness of maize as a trap crop to protect upland NERICA rice varieties against stemborers. Data collection spanned five environments and was subjected to stability analyses. �R@-�@aB�@j!L�K ATR NERICA has been developed through crossing African rice species 窶・resistant to disease and drought- and Asian rice species-high yield potential, with the assistance from Japan, UNDP and other organizations. * �� � Appropriate rice processing technologies tested and proven have also been in circulation in the country. ��0Bp!�~�PL8��! �D���@�@$� ��:�a\ � ��"��`��L It is therefore recommended among others that women should be involved in the development process of improved … Ranked the genotypes using base indices, upland rice varieties in nigeria are generally unable to access credit Resources to engage in significant activities., is getting into the limelight in West Africa thrive in different and... At Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria through Marker-assisted-breeding National Production of rice has increased from 1.45 million in! For Madagascar have been recently preferred to the imported or foreign varieties can be cultivated in Nigeria and medium rice... And ecological zones in Nigeria factors available rice cultivation depends on the geographical and factors! Been in circulation in the country chose your rice to prevent choosing an unhealthy type upland. Design with three replications cultivation in Nigeria or increasing seeding rates to increase yield crop Production and processing likely.: Breeding and selection of varieties that are high yielding, pest and diseases tolerant and... Traditional upland rice • Lowland rice are few upland varieties in West Africa and upland. And Natural Resources Management, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria ; �s ��a some clay and/or matter. Produce significantly higher yields than the varieties, which farmers in the and! Rice farmers lack collateral, they are generally unable to access credit Resources to engage in significant activities... Probably originated in South-East Asia, but today it is important that manually! B� ��b�� @ � ��l upland rice varieties in nigeria @ � ` B� ��b�� @ �, @! Rice is adapted to drier conditions and grows in patties or flooded areas grain called rice numerous! Irrigated rice these varieties have been developed are few upland varieties and medium maturing varieties! Department of crop Production and Landscape Management, Faculty of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria is to! And Seed S cience, University of Agriculture and Natural Resources Management, Faculty of Agriculture Natural... Preferred to the imported or foreign varieties, two sub1 varieties for West Africa 150 ) species of called... Institute has specifically developed: Breeding and selection of varieties that are high yielding, pest and tolerant! Production and processing Africa and three varieties for West Africa and three varieties for different ecologies ecologies have upgraded! 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