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Wood-Dauphinee, S., Berg, K., Bravo, G., & Williams, J. I. Heinemann, A. W., Linacre, J. M., Wright, B. D., Hamilton, B. Is early prediction of outcome in severe head injury possible? Concussion Recognition Tool 5th Edition (CRT5) “The Concussion Recognition Tool 5 (CRT5) is the most recent revision of the Pocket Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 that was initially introduced by the Concussion in Sport Group in 2005. Reliability of the Japanese version of the Berg balance scale. Segal, M. E., Gillard, M., & Schall, R. (1996). Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 18(6), 479-492. It also includes two questions intended to estimate change in health status over the past year. The Glasgow coma scale. Occupational Therapy International, 4(3), 163-179. Quality of Life Research, 5(2), 195-204. Full Outline of UnResponsiveness score and Glasgow Coma Scale in medical patients with altered sensorium: Interrater reliability and relation to outcome. The scale focuses more on behaviour than emotional states, which promotes better agreement between patient and proxy ratings (Cusick et al., 2000; Dijkers, 1997). Functional Assessment Measure. Personality and Individual Differences, 40(6), 1259-1268. Like so many other scales measuring quality of life, the important limitation is the complexity of HRQoL, as it remains virtually impossible to capture and define an individual’s view of the future, the concept of individuality, and the experience of intimacy (Truelle et al., 2010). Qualitative comparison of the reliability of health status assessments with the EuroQol and SF-36 questionnaires after stroke. However, it has been reported that motor response has the greatest influence on the summary score and results are skewed toward this component (Bhatty & Kapoor, 1993). The total-FIM was reported to exhibit no ceiling effect, 0% as compared to the BI’s 7% (van der Putten et al., 1999). In addition to the criteria outlined above, the following additional issues were considered: The Agitated Behavior Scale (ABS) was designed to assess agitation in patients who had sustained a TBI (Corrigan, 1989). (1996). Diener et al. Relationships among impairment, disability, handicap, and life satisfaction in persons with traumatic brain injury. You have been redirected to this site because New Bridges is now called accomplish. (2003). Bjelland, I., Dahl, A. Journal of Personality Assessment, 57(1), 149-161. Psychological Assessment, 5(2), 164-172. Addition of the FAM items to the FIM appeared to expand the range of abilities assessed (Hall et al., 1993). Using the SF-36 for longitudinal outcomes measurement in rehabilitation. Levels of impairment have also been classified as none (24-30), mild (18-24), and severe (0-17) (Tombaugh & McIntyre, 1992). Outcome measures for traumatic brain injury. However, the structured interview and guidelines created by Wilson et al. MacKenzie, E. J., McCarthy, M. L., Ditunno, J. F., Forrester-Staz, C., Gruen, G. S., Marion, D. W., & Schwab, W. C. (2002). It is a brief and simple tool that allows for the ongoing assessment of recovery from injury to community re-integration. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 79(3), 298-305. This initial assessment is used to determine what sort of support an individual needs. The abstract nature of items could have a deleterious effect on the reliability of those items (Alcott et al., 1997). Teasdale, G., Jennett, B., Murray, L., & Murray, G. (1983). 1999). (2002) suggest that adding a cognitive component to the SF-36 would make the instrument a more useful outcome measure in a head trauma population, as the tool is likely to underestimate the extent of disability in this group. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 80, 968. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 82(9), 1204-1212. Individuals who sustain a TBI, regardless of the level of injury, often report fatigue as a constant or recurrent problem post injury (Belmont et al., 2006; Borgaro et al., 2005). Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 75(12 Spec No), SC10-18; discussion SC 27-18. The Disinhibition subscale includes items 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10; the Aggression subscale includes items 3, 4, 5 and 14; and the Lability subscale includes items 11, 12, and 13 (Corrigan & Bogner, 1994). Structured interviews for the Glasgow Outcome Scale and the extended Glasgow Outcome Scale: guidelines for their use. Dittner, A. J., Wessely, S. C., & Brown, R. G. (2004). Corrigan, J. D., Smith-Knapp, K., & Granger, C. V. (1997). Interrater reliability of the functional assessment measure in a brain injury rehabilitation program. Rao, N., & Kilgore, K. M. (1992). The Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) is a practical index of social outcome following head injury designed to complement the Glasgow Coma Scale as the basis of a predictive system (Jennett & Bond, 1975). When the GCS was developed, the initial assessment was to be undertaken approximately 6 hours after injury to allow time for stabilization of systemic problems, but prior to the initiation of interventions such as neuromuscular paralyzing agents or sedatives (Bakay & Ward, 1983; Marion & Carlier, 1994). Lindsay, K. W., Carlin, J., Kennedy, I., Fry, J., McInnes, A., & Teasdale, G. M. (1981). Respondents are instructed to rate each item using a 7-point scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 7 (strongly agree). Use of the Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ) to characterize changes in functioning for individuals with traumatic brain injury who participated in a post-acute rehabilitation programme. A., Haug, T. T., & Neckelmann, D. (2002). Journal of American Geriatrics Society, 40(7), 697-702. Following the acquisition by accomplish last year, Your Lifestyle Group (Your Lifestyle Nationwide Limited and Care & Nursing Alliance) is now rebranding as accomplish. Brain Injury, 14(8), 719-724. Mallinson, S. (2002). Use of the Berg Balance Test to predict falls in elderly persons. Simple assessment of outcome after acute brain injury using the Glasgow Outcome Scale. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 11, 27-39. Self-care, for instance, is part of the participation index. Mini-mental state examination in neurological patients. In an assessment of the factor structure and validity of the CIQ, Sander et al. Report on the construct validity of the temporal satisfaction with life scale. The FIM is a widely used, well-accepted, generic measure of burden of care used in inpatient rehabilitation settings. Shukla, D., Devi, B. I., & Agrawal, A. Psychological Assessment, 5, 164-172. The ABS has yet to be validated throughout a wider range of rehabilitation facilities (Corrigan & Bogner, 1995). Residential and home-based postacute rehabilitation of individuals with traumatic brain injury: a case control study. Error points are awarded for each incorrect response, summed and deducted from 100 to arrive at the total score. The Mayo-Portland Participation Index: A brief and psychometrically sound measure of brain injury outcome. While the authors do provide data for comparison, it is not truly normative. Predicting course of recovery and outcome for patients admitted to rehabilitation. Predicting outcome in brain-injured patients. Brock, K. A., Goldie, P. A., & Greenwood, K. M. (2002). The SWLS does not appear to be affected by gender or age (W. Pavot & E. Diener, 1993). Sternbach, G. L. (2000). Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 85(12), 1989-1996. (1995) suggest that the inclusion of items related to communication and cognition as well as the ranking of 7 levels of severity for each item make the FIM more sensitive and inclusive. It is considered simple to administer and takes less than 10 minutes to complete (Andresen & Meyers, 2000). Scores for each subscale (anxiety and depression) range from 0 to 21 with scores categorized as follows: normal 0-7, mild 8-10, moderate 11-14, and severe 15-21. The scale was designed to investigate fatigue/function measures, that is, the connection between fatigue intensity and functional disability (Dittner et al., 2004; Taylor et al., 2000).The FSS, which consists of nine questions, uses a 7-point Likert scale ranging from strongly disagrees to strongly agree (see below). Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, 24(4), 274-280. (1999)Sander et al. Comparison of the Sydney Psychosocial Reintegration Scale (SPRS) with the Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ): psychometric properties. McHorney, C. A., Ware, J. E., Jr., & Raczek, A. E. (1993). At present, information regarding the reliability and validity of the BBS when used among patients with TBI/ABI is severely limited. Table 17.5 Characteristics of the Agitated Behavior Scale, Table 17.7 Characteristics of the Berg Balance Scale, Table 17.8 Berg Balance Scale Evaluation Summary, Table 17.10 Community Balance and Mobility Scale Evaluation Summary, Table 17.9 Characteristics of the Community Balance and Mobility Scale, Table 17.11 Characteristics of the Community Integration Questionnaire, Table 17.12 Community Integration Questionnaire Evaluation Summary, Table 17.13 Characteristics of the Disability Rating Scale, Table 17.14 Disability Rating Scale Evaluation Summary, Table 17.15 Characteristics of the Fatigue Severity Scale, Table 17.16 Fatigue Severity Scale Evaluation Summary, Table 17.17 Characteristics of Functional Independence Measure, Table 17.18 Functional Independence Measure Evaluation Summary, Table 17.19 Characteristics of the Functional Independence Measure+Functional Assessment Measure, Table 17.20 Functional Independence Measure+Functional Assessment Measure Evaluation Summary, Table 17.21 Characteristics of the Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test, Table 17.22 Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test Evaluation Summary, Table 17.23 Characteristics of the Glasgow Coma Scale, Table 17.24 Glasgow Coma Scale Evaluation Summary, Table 17.25 Characteristics of the Glasgow Outcome Scale and Extended Version, Table 17.26 Glasgow Outcome Scale/Extended Evaluation Summary, Table 17.27 Characteristics of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Table 17.28 Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Evaluation Summary, Table 17.29 Characteristics of the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory, Table 17.30 Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory Evaluation Summary, Table 17.31 Characteristics of the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36, Table 17.32 Short Form 36 Evaluation Summary, Table 17.33 Characteristics of the Mini Mental State Examination, Table 17.34 Mini Mental State Examination Evaluation Summary, Table 17.35 Characteristics of the Neurobehavioral Functioning Inventory, Table 17.36 Neurobehavioral Functioning Inventory Evaluation Summary, Table 17.37 Characteristics of the Rancho Los Amigos Level of Cognitive Functioning Scale, Table 17.38 Rancho Los Amigos Level of Cognitive Functioning Scale Evaluation Summary, Table 17.39 Characteristics of the Satisfaction with Life Scale, Table 17.40 Satisfaction with Life Scale Evaluation Summary, Table 17.41 Characteristics of the Quality of Life after Traumatic Brain Injury, Table 17.42 Quality of Life after Traumatic Brain Injury Evaluation Summary, 17.11 Glasgow Outcome Scale/Extended Glasgow Coma Scale, 17.12 Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, 17.13 Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory, 17.14 Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36, 17.16 Neurobehavioral Functioning Inventory, 17.17 Rancho Los Amigos Levels of Cognitive Functioning Scale, 17.18 Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), 17.19 Quality of Life after Traumatic Brain Injury, 17.3 Community Balance and Mobility Scale, 17.9 Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test, Rancho Los Amigos Levels of Cognitive Functioning Scale. A., Corrigan, J. D., Stange, M., & Rabold, D. (1999). Brain Injury, 12(7), 555-567. The FSS has not been found to be a good instrument for measuring cognitive levels of fatigue (Amtmann et al., 2012). The Apache II scoring system in neurosurgical patients: a comparison with simple Glasgow coma scoring. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 75(2), 156-163. The Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) assessment tool, involves a one to one meeting with the individual, family or friends. The Glasgow Coma Scale is a simple, straightforward and very brief bedside assessment. Turner-Stokes, L., & Siegert, R. J. Descriptions of what corresponds to successful item performance at each rating level are not precise and subscales do not clearly identify areas for intervention (Brazil, 1992). (1996). Mortality prediction of head Abbreviated Injury Score and Glasgow Coma Scale: analysis of 7,764 head injuries. It has been adopted widely for use in clinical trials (Hellawell et al., 2000; Wade, 1992; Wilson et al., 2000). (2010). Ware, J. E., Jr., & Sherbourne, C. D. (1992). Lancet, 1(7905), 480-484. The use of untrained raters may result in lower scale reliability (Hall et al., 1993). Summary-Community Integration Questionnaire, The DRS is comprised of eight items in four categories: i) level of consciousness; ii) cognitive abilities; iii) dependence on others; and iv) employability (Rappaport et al., 1982). Guests including a special VIP visitor gathered recently to celebrate the official launch of our brand... Sign up to recieve updates on our latest news and events. Paniak, C., Phillips, K., Toller-Lobe, G., Durand, A., & Nagy, J. The DRS is available at no cost and is free to copy. Brain Injury, 7(4), 309-317. Stroke, 30(10), 2146-2151. The impact of a brain injury is as unique to each person as the level, type and duration of care should be. Cohen, M. L., Holdnack, J. These variables may introduce bias leading to the misclassification of individuals, and such biases have not always been reported. GOS ratings can be derived from the GOSE by collapsing these subdivisions (Wilson et al., 2000). Pastorek, N. J., Hannay, H. J., & Contant, C. S. (2004). (2002). • This checklist, the CCCABI identifies communication difficulties to be addressed by a speech-language pathologist (SLP) Journal of geriatric psychiatry and neurology, 17(2), 81-87. The list of tools appearing here was derived by a consensus of experts working on the Evidence-Based Review of Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) literature. A., Rabadi, M. H., Blau, A. D., & Jordan, B. D. (2001). Ring, H., Feder, M., Schwartz, J., & Samuels, G. (1997). Fatigue and traumatic brain injury. Callahan et al. Is the SF-36 suitable for assessing health status of older stroke patients? Bogle Thorbahn, L. D., & Newton, R. A. Discriminant validity of well-being measures. Malec, J. F., Kean, J., Altman, I. M., & Swick, S. (2012). Journal of Neurotrauma, 17(6-7), 479-491. Brief screening tests for dementia. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 27(1), 27-36. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 28(6), E14-22. Dikmen et al. For items in which partial credit is used, Rasch analysis revealed step disorder (Bode et al., 2000). Reliability and validity of the Disability Rating Scale and the Levels of Cognitive Functioning Scale in monitoring recovery from severe head injury. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, 113(6), 435-441. Journal of Neurologic Rehabilitation, 12(2), 45-52. Jennett, B., & Bond, M. (1975). While other assessments have been developed to provide a more comprehensive evaluation of brainstem responses, the resulting tools are substantially more complex than the GCS (Sternbach, 2000). Admission balance and outcomes of patients admitted for acute inpatient rehabilitation. (1999) reported a response rate of 85% and Walters et al. Author information: (1)a Brain Injury Services, Partnerships in Care , Grafton Manor, Grafton Regis, Northants , UK. Brief cognitive screening of right hemisphere stroke: relation to functional outcome. A FIM+FAM rating form is available along with decision trees, training and testing vignettes specific to the FAM items from the website. These basic items are currently part of the MPAI-4 abilities index. A total of ≤8 is used to separate coma from non-coma (Wade, 1992). (1999) administered the SF-36 to nursing home residents by face-to-face interview and reported that only 1 in 5 residents were able to complete it. Review of the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Under the current definitions provided by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (WHO, 2001), CIQ items may reflect activities more than participation (Kuipers et al., 2004). Time to complete ( Andresen & Meyers, A. D., & Prescott, R. T., & Ball R.! 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B., Doctor, J.,,... 80 ( 4 ), 298-305 and downloaded for free from www.saintalphonsus.org/documents/boise/sleep-Fatigue-Severity-Scale.pdf outcomes after traumatic brain injury: level consciousness... Instrument with which its reliability, and Psychiatry, 75 ( 5 ), 13-17 within a psychiatric,!