romanian constitution 1965


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The monarchy was abolished in 1947. Bucharest, Meridiane Pub. 1965: Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej dies and Nicolae Ceausescu comes to power. În cadrul acesteia, organul suprem al puterii de stat a Republicii Socialiste România este, în continuare, Marea Adunare Națională, unicul organ legiuitor.Prin legea nr.1 din 1974, care modifica constituția, a fost instituită funcția de președinte al R.S.R. 1965 Constitution of Romania — The 1965 Constitution of Romania, Communist Romania s third, was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. (2)The frontiers of the Country are sanctioned … It was then debated at the party's 9th Congress in July and adopted by the MAN, sitting as a Constituent Assembly, on August 21, being published in Monitorul Oficial that day. 2. 1948: The first soviet-type constitution was adopted. * * * Romania Introduction Romania Background: Soviet… …   Universalium, România — /rddaw mu nyah/; Eng. - Cetatenii Republicii Socialiste Romania au dreptul de a alege si de a fi alesi in Marea Adunare Nationala si in consiliile populare. Then debated at the party's 9th Congress in July and adopted by the MAN, sitting as a Constituent Assembly, on August 21, being published in Monitorul Oficial that day. mi. ", "Ponta: Modificarea Constituției trebuie să devină o prioritate în 2015, an fără presiuni electorale", "Klaus Iohannis: Revizuirea Constituției trebuie făcută în perioada următoare. It was then debated at the party's 9th Congress in July and adopted by the MAN, sitting as a Constituent Assembly, on August 21, being published in Monitorul Oficial that day. Dana Neacsu is a reference librarian at Columbia Law School, a lawyer and member of the bar of the State of New York, a former Romanian judge (1989-1990) and faculty member of the Romanian University School of Law (1990-1994). Section 1 Organization and Functioning. Oaths to be taken by Ministers and junior ministers. On 6 and 7 October 2018 a referendum took place regarding the definition of the family as provided by Article 48 of the Constitution (that defines the family as being founded on the free-willed marriage "between spouses"), to prohibit same-sex marriage. ARTICLE 61 - … This Constitution shall be cited as the Constitution of Rhodesia, 1965. He or she can serve two terms. Following the collapse of the Communist regime in 1989, much of the 1965 document was suspended, though portions remained in effect until the present document was adopted in 1991. 429/2003 on the revision of the Constitution of Romania, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, No. Download The Constitution of the Romanian People’s Republic – 1952 (.pdf) (ro) Download The Constitution of the Romanian People’s Republic – 1948 (.pdf) (ro.) (237,500 sq. The revised constitution grants minorities the right to use their native language when dealing with local administration and the courts, improves the functioning of the legislative chambers (better specifying their attributes) and restricts the privilege of parliamentary immunity to political declarations, extends the president's term to five years, explicitly “guarantees” rather than “protects” the right to private property and removes the constitutional obligation for conscription (which ended in 2006). CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY Section 1. TITLE I General principles. Articles were introduced on “Integration into the European Union” and “NATO Accession”, bringing the total to 156 in 8 titles. Languages. Regional commissioners. În cadrul acesteia, organul suprem al puterii de stat a Republicii Socialiste România este, în continuare, Marea Adunare Națională, unicul organ legiuitor. Regulamentul Organic, voted by the respective Assemblies of Moldavia and Wallachia under Imperial Russian occupation in 1831–1832, was the first organic law resembling a constitution ever awarded to the Danubian Principalities. Article 58 … Constitution, 1965. • Duty to obey the constitution Article 2: Sovereignty 1. * [http://www.constitutia.ro/const1965.htm Text of the constitution], Constitution of Romania — Created 21 November 1991 Ratified 8 December 1991 Authors Antonie Iorgovan et al …   Wikipedia, 1952 Constitution of Romania — The 1952 Constitution of Romania, also called the constitution of building socialism , expressed the consolidation of Communist power, featuring greater ideological content than its 1948 predecessor. "Dicţionar de Istorie a României", pp. 102. The Constitution of Romania was adopted on 21 November 1991. 89.70% voted yes and 8.81%, no. The 1991 constitution was later revised in 2003 to introduce … The 1965 Constitution of Romania was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. 1965 Constitution of Romania is available in 4 other languages. 1965: Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej dies and Nicolae Ceausescu comes to power. ARTICLE 2 – Sovereignty. It was approved in a referendum on 8 December and introduced on the same day. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Romania. National sovereignty shall reside within the Romanian people which shall exercise it through its … The coat of arms of the People's Republic of Romania represents afforested mountains, over which the sun is arising. In Romania, the supremacy of the Constitution and the observance of the Constitution and the laws shall be mandatory. Şase constituţii într-un secol. This document was, in turn, cancelled in 1940 by the National Legionary State government under Ion Antonescu and the Iron Guard. On the left side is an oil derrick. 20 Constitution of Romania, Art. The 1952 Constitution of Romania, also called the "constitution of building socialism", expressed the consolidation of Communist power, featuring greater ideological content than its 1948 predecessor.A draft was written by a commission elected by the Great National Assembly on March 27, 1952, and published on July 18. The ruling coalition at the time, the Social Liberal Union, claimed that insufficient constitutional constraints led then-incumbent President Traian Băsescu to abuse his presidential powers, thus justifying new amendments. The 1991 Constitution of Romania was adopted on 21 November 1991. * * * Romania Introduction Romania Background: Soviet occupation following World War II led to the formation of a Communist peoples republic in 1947 and the… …   Universalium, România — Roumanie România (ro) Roumanie (fr) …   Wikipédia en Français, We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. The prior Romanian constitutions are from 1866,1923, 1938, 1948, 1952 and 1965. In 1965, concomitant with Ceausescu's rise to first secretary of the Partidul Muncitoresc Român (PMR--Romanian Workers' Party), a new Constitution proclaimed Romania a socialist unitary state. In March 1948, the first constitution of Communist Romania was adopted; it was heavily modeled on the Soviet constitution. [1] It remained in place until 1858, when the Crimean War removed the two countries from Russian influence and confirmed the rule by several European powers first established by the Treaty of Paris;[2] the Paris Convention of 1858 remained the governing document following the election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza as Domnitor (ruling prince) over the united countries (1859), but was replaced by Cuza's own organic law, entitled Statutul dezvoltător al Convenţiei de la Paris ("Statute expanding the Paris Convention"), in 1864. Constituția din 1965 a fost una dintre constituțiile României, fiind adoptată la 21 august 1965. Return to 1965 Constitution of Romania. Regim constituţional în România 1866 – 1965 . After the extension of national territory in 1918, a new constitution was approved 29 March 1923. Romanian Political Science Review. Territory. 11 relations. This period is best characterized by a relative liberalization of Romania. - Republica Socialista Romania asigura tinerilor conditiile necesare dezvoltarii aptitudinilor lor fizice si intelectuale. It stands as the basis of the legitimacy of the Romanian government. 43 Interim Constitution of Tanzania 1965 Section Title 18. As for the state organisation, alongside the MAN, which in theory remained the supreme leadership organ, the office of president of the republic appeared for the first time in Romanian history (in 1974, through an amendment), with attributes that gave it, in the framework of the existing system, dictatorial powers. A draft was written by a commission elected by …   Wikipedia, 1948 Constitution of Romania — Constitution of Romania Postage stamps commemorating the constitution Ratified 13 April 1948 …   Wikipedia, 1866 Constitution of Romania — Constitution of Romania Created 1 June 1866 Ratified 1 June 1866 Signatories Carol I …   Wikipedia, Romania — This article is about the modern country. The state enhanced its involvement in the economy (“it organises, plans and leads the national economy”) and had a monopoly on foreign trade. The Constitution adopted on 24 September 1952 ruled: Art. Bucharest: Editura Merona, 2007. Article 150 [Old Law] For other uses, see Romania (disambiguation). Romanian State . 126(3) (“The High Court of Cassation and Justice shall provide a unitary interpretation and application of the law by the other courts of law, according to its competence.”). On the left side is an oil derrick. Proiectul de Constituţie de la 1848 al lui Mihail Koğlniceanu [Constitutionalism and Constitutional Transplant in Modern Romania. Constitution; Constitutionalism; Constitutional economics; Other websites. Thereafter, the country's multinational character was largely ignored, and the problem of cohabiting nationalities officially was considered resolved. It was approved that same year in a national referendum on 8 December and introduced on the same day. (3) The Constitution shall not be revised during a state of siege or emergency or at wartime Title VII Final and Transitory Provisions Article 149 [Old Constitution] This Constitution shall come into force on the date of adoption by referendum. Download The Constitution of the Romanian People’s Republic – 1952 (.pdf) (ro) Download The Constitution of the Romanian People’s Republic – 1948 (.pdf) (ro.) The 1923 constitution was reinstated pending the adoption of a new constitution (see Romania during World War II). The new text took effect on 29 October 2003. Romania used to be a constitutional monarchy from 1881 until 1947, when King Michael was forced to abdicate. 4. The Constitution was adopted in the Constituent Assembly Session of 21 November 1991 and it has entered into force pursuant to its approval by the national referendum of 8 December 1991.The text of the Constitution was published in the official gazette of Romania, Monitorul Oficial, Part I, No. The Constitution of 1991, as revised in 2003, contains 156 articles, divided into 8 titles: Regulamentul Organic, voted by the respective Assemblies of Moldavia and Wallachia under Imperial Russian occupation in 1831–1832, was the first organic law resembling a constitution ever awarded to the Danubian Principalities. français; italiano; română; עברית The current constitution replaced the Constitution of 1948, which was revised in 1952 and in 1965. 21,399,114; 91,699 sq. (4) The State shall be organized based on the principle of the separation and balance of powers -legislative, executive, and judicial - within the framework of constitutional democracy. The Constitution of Romania of 1991 was adopted on November 21 and ratified by voters on December 8 that year. Sovereignty Territory . (2) The form of government of the Romanian State is a Republic. * Stoica, Stan (coordinator). The 1965 Constitution of Romania, Communist Romania s third, was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. Romania was a socialist nation in eastern Europe during the Cold War, though it followed a different path to its Soviet bloc neighbours. Rules are detailed in Articles 514-18 Romanian Code of Civil Procedure, Article 471 Romanian Code of Criminal Procedure. Constituția din 1965 a fost una dintre constituțiile României, fiind adoptată la 21 august 1965. The constitution was amended once by a referendum on 18 October 2003. Appointment of Off1cer AdP!inistering the Government and first Acting Officer Administering the Government. The seventh permanent constitution in the country's history, it was approved that same year in a national referendum on 8 December and promulgated on the same day. [3] Two other constitutions appeared during the Communist era, in 1952 and 1965 (the former "building socialism", the latter announcing the "socialism has won"[3] and notably making the change from a people's republic to a socialist republic). The fundamental law that formed the basis for the dictatorship of Nicolae Ceauşescu (who had come to power that March), this constitution brought changes to the organisation and name of the state, and to the expression of its foreign policy. ARTICLE 1 (1) Romania is a sovereign, independent, unitary and indivisible National State. English. CHAPTER II OFFICER ADMINISTERING THE GOVERNMENT 3. On the same day, the Constitution of 21 Aug 1965 is and remains fully abrogated. It also defines the rights and jobs that the citizens have to abide by and how they pass laws into action. In Romania, the supremacy of the Constitution and the observance of the Constitution and the laws shall be mandatory. Adopted on 21 November 1991, it was approved on 8 December 1991 in a national referendum and promulgated on the same day. The Constitution of Romania, in its initial form, was published in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, no.233 on November 21, 1991 and came into force following its approval by the national referendum of 8 December 1991. Repeal of old Constitution and replacement by new Consti­ tution. (2) The form of government of the Romanian State is a Republic. In March 1948, the first constitution of Communist Romania was adopted; it was heavily modeled on the Soviet constitution. (1)The territory of Romania is inalienable. Pare mult, însă mai întotdeauna „legea legilor” a marcat prefaceri substanţiale în formula de organizare politică şi în construcţia şi utilizarea instituţiilor Statului Român. It was repealed by King Carol II in 1938 and replaced with a corporatist/authoritarian document with the king's National Renaissance Front as the sole legal party. It was retained after Romania became a kingdom in 1878. Stema Republicii Socialiste România (21 august 1965 – 22 decembrie 1989) foto si articol preluate de pe ro.wikipedia.org . Electoral Law. 3. The Constitution of Romania is the fundamental law that made the structure of the government of Romania.It also defines the rights and jobs that the citizens have to abide by and how they pass laws into action.. Related pages. [5] These specified that both could take place by parliamentary vote alone, and that EU citizens living in Romania can vote and run in local elections. OK. 75. CONSTITUTION OF ROMANIA TITLE I General principles Article 1 Romanian State (1) Romania is a sovereign, inde-pendent, unitary and indivisible National State. The President of Romania is the head of state of Romania.The President is directly elected by a two-round system for a five-year term (since 2004, after the Constitution was modified in 2003). Fundamental governing document of Romania, The current version of the Constitution of Romania, as published in the. Romania - Romania - New constitution: The approval by referendum of a new constitution on December 8, 1991, setting up a democratic republic, had given promise of political stability. Constituţia din 1965. The 1991 Constitution contains 7 titles and 152 articles. the Romanian people and the ideals of the Revolution of December 1989, and shall be guaranteed. Romanian, România /rddaw mu nyah/. 1965 Constitution of Romania Drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. Arms of Communist Romania, 1952-1965. by Jaume Ollé. The 1991 Constitution was first amended in 2003. Parliament is “the supreme representative organ of the Romanian people and the sole lawmaking authority”; it is bicameral (Chamber of Deputies and Senate) and elected for four years. Background. Constitution Day is an observance and not a public holiday in Romania. Download The Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania – 1969 (.pdf) (ro.) Public authorities. Art. It was then… Votul este universal, egal, direct si secret. Mihaela Cristina Verzea, "Constituția RPR din 27 septembrie 1952" ("1952: The Constitution of People's Republic of Romania"), Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania, Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party, Learn how and when to remove this template message, “Opoziția acuză ca referendumul pentru Constituție a fost fraudat” (“The Opposition Charges that the Constitutional Referendum was Rigged”), “Grave incalcări ale legii și nereguli organizatorice, produse la scară națională, cu ocazia referendumului din 18 - 19 octombrie” (“Serious violations of the law and organisational irregularities, produced on a nationwide scale, on the occasion of the referendum of 18 - 19 October 2003”), "Mai este oportună revizuirea Constituției? The 1848 Constitutional Project of Mihail Koğlniceanu].” Studia Politica. Antonescu broke his alliance with the Guard in 1941, and ruled by decree until his overthrow in 1944. Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania. The Constitutional Court is the guarantor of the supremacy of the Constitution. Romania România …   Wikipedia, ROMANIA — ROMANIA, country in East Central and South East Europe, in the Carpatho Danubian region, north of the Balkan Peninsula, partly on the littoral of the Black Sea. 21. Constitution of and appointments to public offices. CONSTITUTION OF ROMANIA TITLE I General principles Article 1 Romanian State (1) Romania is a sovereign, inde-pendent, unitary and indivisible National State. It came into force ten days later. • Duty to obey the constitution Article 2: Sovereignty 1. The 1965 Constitution of Romania, Communist Romania's third, was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. The new constitution of Communist Romania was adopted in 1948 following the Soviet model, [1] with subsequent variants appearing in 1952 and 1965 (the former "building the socialism", the latter announcing the "socialism has won" [1] and notably making the change from a People's Republic to a Socialist Republic). The Constitution of Romania was adopted on 21 November 1991. Contextul şi cauzele elaborării constituţiei din 1965: În 1965 a murit Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej şi noul şef al Partidului Comunist a fost ales Nicolae Ceauşescu. 1948: The first soviet-type constitution was adopted. Title III Public Authorities. National sovereignty shall reside within the Romanian people which shall exercise it through its … Romanian elections take place according to Law no. [4] The revised document was adopted by referendum on 18–19 October 2003; turnout was slightly above the 50%+1 threshold needed for it to be valid, with 55.7% of 17,842,103 eligible voters showing up. 1952: The second soviet-type constitution was adopted. 11 (2): 227 –254. It is the fundamental governing document of Romania that establishes the structure of its government, the rights and obligations of citizens, and its mode of passing laws. /roh may nee euh, mayn yeuh/, n. Romanian name of ROMANIA. Constitutia a fost adoptata de Marea Adunare Nationala in sedinta din 21 august 1965, dupa luarea in discutie a proiectului publicat la 29 iunie 1965 de catre Comisia pentru elaborarea proiectului de Constitutie, cu unanimitatea celor 446 de deputati prezenti la sedinta, situatie certificata de Presedintele Marii Adunari Nationale, Stefan Voitec. The Constitution of Romania at the Chamber of Deputies' website 1938: The 1938 Constituion inaugurated the … The most innovative provision of the 1965 Constitution is the stipulation that the leading political force in the entire country is the Romanian Communist Party--the only legal party. 93-4. 233 dated 21 November 1991. 19. The coat of arms is surrounded by a wreath of wheat ears. The first constitution of the Romanian United Principalities was adopted 1 July 1866. The coat of arms of the Socialist Republic of Romania represents afforested mountains, over which the sun is arising. CHAPTER I - Parliament. The 1965 Constitution of Romania was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. Constitution, 1965. Two other constitutions appeared during the Communist era, in 1952 and 1965 (the former "building socialism", the latter announcing the "socialism has won" [3] and notably making the change from a people's republic to a socialist republic ). Chapter I Parliament. Download The Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania – 1965 (.pdf) (ro.) Three justices are appointed by the Chamber of Deputies, three by the Senate, and three by the President of Romania… [1] 25. The 1991 Constitution was composed by a committee of parliamentarians and constitutional law specialists; was approved by Parliament, meeting as a Constituent Assembly, by a vote of 414 to 95 on 21 November 1991, being published in Monitorul Oficial the same day; and was approved by referendum on 8 December 1991, with 77.3% voting in favour. 208/2015 regarding the election of the Chamber of Deputies and of the Senate. After what the national teritory developed in 1918, a new Constitution was approved on 29th of March 1923. The coat of arms is surrounded by a wreath of wheat ears. It was partly abrogated … A new constitution was adopted in 1965, and entrepreneurship was widely encouraged. The 1965 Constitution of Romania was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. 2 No. After the prime minister is named by the president, Parliament validates the composition and programme of the Government and can dismiss it following a motion of censure. The third soviet-type constitution was adopted. Citation. The Kingdom of Romania (Romanian: Regatul României) was a constitutional monarchy in Central-Eastern Europe, ruled by a royal family that was a branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty.The kingdom existed from 1881, when Carol I of Romania was proclaimed king, until 1947, when the last king, Michael I of Romania, abdicated and the Parliament proclaimed Romania a republic. Is the seventh permanent Constitution in modern Romania, sovereign, independent unitary... Referendum on 18 October 2003 fizice si intelectuale a different path to its Soviet bloc.. Code of Civil Procedure, article 471 Romanian Code of Civil Procedure, 471. “ national, sovereign, independent, unitary and indivisible State ” afforested mountains, over which the is. 61 - … download the Constitution article 2: sovereignty 1 on 8 December 1991 in a national independent. Antonescu and the observance of the Socialist Republic of Romania is a sovereign independent. 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